The Mahabharata is the world’s largest epic, written by Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa. The Mahabharata is more intertwined with our lives than poetry, so it is natural to be curious about it. In fact, it is difficult to say that the Mahabharata war was fought for this reason, but the general belief is that the war is for women, land and self-respect.The Mahabharata war is believed to have been originally caused by a division of land, but some scholars say it could have been done peacefully, but the stubbornness of some women led to a bitter war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Let’s see who are the women who caused the fierce battle of Mahabharata and caused irreparable damage to the whole of India.
The Mahabharata begins with the story of King Shantanu. Maharaj Shantanu, the son of Bharatbanshi Maharaj Pratip, married Ganga and had a son, Devvrat. After Ganga left, Shantanu married Satyavati in his old age. Before her marriage, Satyavati had made a condition with Shantanu that the child born from her womb should be the heir of the kingdom.After hearing this condition, Shantanu, who had returned quietly, became restless, covered with sadness, and began to live alone quietly. When Devvrat found out about this, he immediately went and promised Satyavati that ‘I will practice celibacy for life, I will not even rule and your children will inherit the throne.’ After such a promise, Devvrat was called Bhishma.Satyavati became one of the reasons why the Kuru dynasty was destroyed from Hastinapur. If Bhishma had not promised to marry Satyavati to Shantanu, Vedavyasa’s sons Dhritarashtra and Pandu would not have been the rulers of Hastinapur or they would not have been born. In that case, history would have been different.
Dhritarashtra and Pandu’s mothers were the daughters of Ambika and Ambalika Kashiraj. The birth of Prithari or Kunti, the daughter of Dhritarashtra’s wife Gandhara Naresh Subal’s daughter Gandhari and Pandupatni Raja Kuntibhoja, seems to be full of struggles.What is special is that Satyavati, the mother of Vichitravirya, the husband of Amkia and Ambalika, used to interfere in the internal affairs of the palace and the palace till she was touched. If she took the whole decision, Bhishma’s only job would be to obey her orders. At the time of his death, King Shantanu had ordered Bhishma, who had received the gift of euthanasia, to remain loyal to the throne of Hastinapur and serve him. After the departure of Satyavati, the center of power changed, but the fortunes of Hastinapur did not return and eventually the battle of Mahabharata took place.
Kunti was married to Pandu, who was then the king of Hastinapur. He was able to become king because his brother was blind.According to the story, Pandu was unable to have children due to the sage’s curse. His two wives Kunti and Madri were both childless. Ironically, Pandu would die if he tried to have sex with his wives. Annoyed by this, Pandu took both his wives into exile, and Dhritarashtra was placed on the throne.Kunti had given birth to a son from the sun before her marriage due to the gift of Durvasa sage. Due to folklore, Kunti threw the son into the river. She could invoke the deity of her choice by means of magic and give birth to children from him. After hearing about such a gift, Kunti, with Pandu’s consent, gave birth to Yudhisthira from Dharmaraj, Bhimsen from Vayu and Arjuna from Indra. She also taught the secret to her stepmother.
Madhuri called Ashwini Kumar and gave birth to two sons named Nakul and Sahadev. Thus Pandu’s five children.After the death of Pandu and Madri, the ambitious Kunti moved to Hastinapur with her five sons. All the sages in Hastinapur at that time were friends with Pandu, so they helped the sons of the friend to establish him in Hastinapur. Believing in Kunti’s words, everyone considered the Pandavas as Panduputra and welcomed them. Kunti met Gandhari in Hastinapur. Gandhari had hundreds of sons.War must happen anyway. ‘This shows how warlike she was.
Dhritarashtra behaved like a blind man not only with his eyes but also with his heart, so Gandhari and his brother Shakuni (who after the marriage of his sister handed over the kingdom of Gandhara to his son) started living in Hastinapur. In Dhritarashtra, he had great affection for his son Duryodhana. He could not say anything about his son.Gandhari was worried that Rajpath would fall into the hands of Kunti’s sons. On the other hand, Shakuni had aroused hatred in the mind of his nephew Duryodhana towards the Pandavas from an early age. Gandhari and Dhritarashtra could have given five villages to the Pandavas to end the war, but they never accepted it.
Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas and the daughter of the Panchal king Drupada, is considered to be the greatest reason behind the Mahabharata war. He was also born with his brother Dhrishtadyumna through a sacrifice made by Drupada to take revenge on Guru Dronacharya of Hastinapur. According to the story of Mahabharata, the mockery made by Draupadi at Duryodhana Indraprastha later became the cause of war.In Indraprastha, there was a magnificent palace built by Daityaraja May. There was an illusion of water in the ground and water in the court. Duryodhana was confused while walking in such a place. He used to fetch water consciously, take care of his clothes and the place where he leaned would be on the ground, but the place where he leaned on the ground would fall on the water. Seeing this, Draupadi laughed loudly saying, ‘The son of the blind is blind’, which hurt Duryodhana’s pride. Duryodhana sought a way to avenge the humiliation inflicted on him. Shakuni helped in this. He called the Pandavas to Hastinapur to gamble and after winning all their kingdoms in gambling, he even won Draupadi and brought him to the assembly and tried to expose him as a slave.As a result, animosity and enmity between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, which could never be eradicated, entered.
This became the biggest reason for the Mahabharata war. Draupadi had vowed not to tie her thigh until she was bathed in the blood of misrule.The Pandavas returned to the kingdom with Duryodhana after fulfilling the conditions of twelve years of exile and one year of secrecy. War broke out because Duryodhana said that he would not give even the land equal to the tip of a needle to the Pandavas. Earlier, while going to Hastinapur as the envoy of Lord Krishna, Yudhisthira had said that peace should be achieved by meeting the Kauravas and there should be no killing.At that time Draupadi was angry and said that if these lazy Pandavas do not want to fight, stay at home, I will go to the battlefield myself with my brothers, old father and children. From this, Draupadi’s attitude of having to fight anyway is clear.
Subhadra was the sister of Krishna and Balarama, whom Krishna arranged to marry Arjuna. Balaram, on the other hand, had earlier promised Duryodhana to marry his sister Subhadra to him. Due to this, there is a kind of animosity between Arjuna and Duryodhana.According to sources, the battle of Mahabharata was the result of a battle between Kunti and Gandhari which was added to the fire by Draupadi. That is to say, neither the Kauravas were real Kauravas nor the Pandavas were real Pandavas. Kauravas were the grandsons of Vedavyasa, while Pandava was the grandson of Vedavyasa and the son of the gods.The gods indirectly joined the war to make their sons inherit the kingdom, but Vedavyas was never partial. He became apathetic.