Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park : The Main Sanctuary For Livestock

Shivapuri Nagarjuna National Park

Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park .Established in 2058 BS, Shivpuri-Nagarjuna National Park belongs to Nuwakot, Kathmandu and Sindhupalchok districts. The park is located in the northern hilly region of Kathmandu in the mid-hilly region of Nepal. Its area is 159 sq km. The park covers the territory of Sindhupalchowk, Kathmandu and Nuwakot. Shivpuri is the only national park in Nepal that represents the ecosystem in the mid-hills. The park stretches from Chisapani in the east to Kakani in the west.

After being renamed as Shivpuri National Park in 2002, Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park was created in 2065 BS covering an area of ​​15 sq km covering an area of ​​159 sq km.The Nagarjuna Forest Area, which was a private forest of the then King Birendra and has been extinct since the demise of King Birendra, has been renamed as Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.

Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park- Notes Nepal
Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park

The north-south width of the park is 9 km on average and the east-west length is 20 km on average. The height of Shivpuri peak is 2,732 meters. The northern boundary is 1,000 meters above sea level and the southern slope is 1,500 meters above sea level. The Shivpuri area is also the main source of drinking water supply in Kathmandu. About one million cubic liters of water is available from this area every day. Hydropower is also generated from the water collected in Sundarijal.

Although there are no big rivers in the northern part of Shivpuri, there are many small rivers. The villagers around the river flowing from Shivpuri area also use it for farming in dry season.The entire hill of Shivpuri falls in the subtropical and temperate zone. Due to the climate, topography, soil and biological elements, the structure of the natural forest seems to have changed. The hills facing south below 1,800 meters have a forest of fake pine and itching katus and endangered herbs are also found in this forest. The banks and gullies of the river are mainly uprooted and barren and barren.

The park is home to 311 species of birds and birds and 102 species of butterflies. In addition, the park has become a haven for wild animals, especially leopards, bandels and bears. The park has important religious sites for Hindus and Buddhists. There are major pilgrimage sites like Baghdwar, Jamacho, Vishnudwar, Tarebhir, Nagi Gumba etc. From the northern part of Shivpuri one can see the magnificent view of the high mountains and from the southern part one can see the Kathmandu Valley.

Shivapuri Nagarju 

Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park- Notes Nepal
Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park-

Devotees have been flocking to Vagdwar, the birthplace of Bagmati, the source of the capital’s civilization, in the middle of the park since this morning. Every year on the 1st of April, there is a bathing fair.

Crowds of people have gathered to celebrate the New Year in a quiet and beautiful place nearby due to the noise of the capital. The Gokarneshwar Municipality has also organized a festival with the objective of promoting tourism of Vagdwar and its entrance Sundarijal from this year.

Vagdwar, located within the Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park on the border of Kathmandu and Nuwakot districts and Gokarneshwar and Budhanilkantha municipalities, is considered a holy place for bathing on New Year’s Day. There is a religious belief that if you come here today and take a bath, you will wash away your sins and attain lasting virtue. There is also a religious belief that bathing in Bagmati on the day of Baisakh Sankranti, when the Sun enters Aries from Pisces, will fulfill one’s desires.

As there is a connection between the month of Baishakh and Bagmati, the river Bagmati from Chobhar to Vagdwar has been there since ancient times.There are various famous legends about the origin of Vagdwar. At the beginning of creation, when Brahmaji was doing penance in the middle of Mrigendra Shikhar, there was a shortage of water.

According to Prof. Dr. Rishi Ram Pokharel, who has done research in the Vedas, the name of this river is Bagmati as Brahmaji meditated on Shivaji and appeared from Shivaji’s speech.When Brahmaji performed penance for Shivaji, all the deities came and the Devasabha is described here in the religious scriptures, during this Sabha.


Intermediate Zone Management:

Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park- Notes Nepal
Shivapuri Nagarjuna Natinal Park

In the Intermediate Zone Management Guide, consumer groups budget for the conservation of natural resources, community development programs, and the use of forest products, conservation, human-wildlife conflict reduction, community development, tourism, income generation and skills development, conservation education programs, and administrative expenditures. There is a provision to prepare separation action plan.

Intermediate Zone Consumer Committees and groups will always provide necessary assistance for the conservation and development of the park. Run various income generating programs by mobilizing the loans received from the group savings program collectively or individually.Plant more and more versatile plants on private and community lands, send all our children to school, keep our village clean, build toilets and improved stoves in every home, use alternative energy and inspire others to do the same, not dumping sewage in the river. We will only throw garbage in places, we will make proper management to increase the productivity of livestock, we will participate in various trainings and we will teach others what we have learned and we will help the whole village.

Religious Belief

There is a religious belief that the bathing fair is still held as Shivaji gave the gift that if he goes to bathe in this river after the revelation of Bagmati, he will get the same fruit, devotion and salvation.It is believed that if one drinks the water of Mrigendra Shikhar, which reveals the Bagmati River, one’s speech will become pure. Due to this belief, thousands of people come to Vagdwar on April 22 for bathing and drinking water.Until the Bagmati River merges with the Jamuna River in India, it will continue to be known as Bagmati, and in the meantime, 1,008 pilgrimage sites have been built.

While Shiva and Parvati were walking in this area, they were fascinated by the waterfall of Sundarijal. Shiva stayed there and did penance. The place where Shailamateshwar and Parvati did penance is still famous as Shailavati or Sundarimai. The locals believe that Sundarijal has been named after both of them since ancient times.

Every year on the 1st of Baisakh, the Sanepaki idol that comes to bathe in Vagdwar, I am very happy and after walking for three hours on the way to the forest, even once a year, I go to bath.There is a method of bathing at the place of origin of Bagmati and worshiping the 35-meter-high Rudreshwor rock on Shivpuri hill. There is a provision for the visitors to take a bath at Bishnudwara and visit Bishnupaduka. There is a belief that if this is done, the wishes of the visitors will be fulfilled.

Vagdwar Budhanilkantha and Sundarijal can be reached from two places.Three hours from Budhanilkantha and three and a half hours from Sundarijal, Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.There is even a legend that after bathing in Vagdwar and Sapantirtha on April 20 and watching the Bisket Jatra of Bhaktapur, one does not get sick all year round.


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