Boudhanath Stupa is one of the major attractions for local and foreign visitors. Boudhanath is a famous Buddhist stupa and pilgrimage site located in the eastern part of Kathmandu city. This stupa is the largest circular stupa in Nepal. Since 1979, Budhanath has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Swayambhunath, Bouddhanath is also one of the most visited places in Kathmandu.
Especially since the history of this chaitya is related to the ancient Tibetan Buddhist sect or Ningma sect, it can be explained in the religious history and writings of Ningma sect.
The Boudhanath Stupa is about two kilometers east of Pashupatinath Temple. The stupa is built on a huge circular belt with three tiers. The womb of the stupa is below this circular belt. Prayer circles are placed around the lower belt.
Around the womb of the stupa, there are one hundred and eight stars, Lokeshwar, etc., small statues of Tantric Buddhist deities. Thirteenth Bhuvan is placed on the womb of Boudhanath and an umbrella and gajur are placed above it. There are also eyes and symbols like Swayambhu. The thirteenth Bhuvan of Bouddhanath is made in the form of a quadrangle using clay.
The myth of Buddhanath
Pranidhan of two small tears by Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara .The construction of this stupa was started by Dejhog in Jyaji (chicken herdsman), the story of which is as follows according to the scripture called Shrutimukti. Avalokiteshvara, a Bodhisattva in front of Tathagata Amitabh before innumerable innumerable epochs, went to the top of Mount Potal to liberate all beings from worldly misery by liberating them from worldly misery.
Now, shedding tears from the worldly oceans that it is impossible to liberate the creature, he took a few of those tears with his finger and promised that even these two little tears would benefit and liberate the creature.
The pre-born nymph Jajima was born into a simple family after completing her religion. Her 4 husbands gave birth to 1-1 sons each. Tajeb from the horse trader, Fajebu from the pig trader, Khijebu from the dog trader, and Jajebu from the chicken trader, etc. These four sons, being very religious, decided to build a huge stupa for which the necessary land was provided by Majyamija.
Then she started building the stupa by carrying clay, stones and bricks from elephants, horses and donkeys.Majyamija passed away after 4 years of construction up to 4 floors. After continuous efforts for another 3 years, the four sons completed the construction of the Buddhist stupa after 7 years.
In this Buddhist stupa, along with the rings of Sakya Buddha in Huisu and many jinlabs in Sung, it is believed that a thousand Buddhas and the gods of heaven came as llamas. It is said that a ray of Bodhisattva from heaven fell on Sung and a musical instrument was played in the sky.
After the construction of the Buddhist stupa, Tajebu prayed to be the king of the north to preach in the next life, so he later became the king of Tibet, Thichen Debjan. Khenpo was later born in Tibet as a Bodhisattva, as Fejebu prayed for him to become a learned lama for preaching next June.
As Khizebu prayed for the birth of a flower bud next June to protect the oppressive religion of the demons destroying religion, he incarnated as Guru Rinpoche on a lotus flower in the Kukhya Dudhkund on the southwest corner of Urgen Hule (Kashmir). In the north, Vyacheslav was born in Tibet as a minister because he prayed to be born as a minister for the defense of religion.
But not everyone prayed for themselves but for the beasts carrying bricks, clay, and stones. In the same way, the donkey prayed to be born as a minister to destroy religion, so in the next birth, Dhuilon Masyat Thomwe was born as a minister in Tibet.The crow suddenly heard the prayers of the animals, killed the king who was destroying the sacred religion, and prayed in a Buddhist stupa to be born as a minister to save the religion.
He was born in Tibet as the minister’s brother Lalang Paldor. Also in Tibet, Cholen crocodile Pemachen was born as animal shepherds prayed for the protection of the religion by suppressing the demons that destroyed the religion.Similarly, Chhongpur Chan and Sarme, two Brahmins, prayed at the stupa to write a religious book in a country where there was a religion. He also wrote a number of books on the birth of Chemang and Logic Nima in Tibet, as two Nepali princesses prayed for help in preaching.
Mani Kambu Choi mentions that the then Dharmaraja of Tibet, Dechen Devchan, when he asked Guru Rinpoche about his pre-birth and what rites he was allowed to preach, was interpreted and answered.Built a few years after the Buddha was built under Lord Shakyamuni, this Buddhist stupa is the largest in the world.
Here every 12 years the Chhorten monastery is filled with water. Thousands of tons of gold have been poured there. At the end of the 18th century, the Chinese government appointed a special lama to oversee, worship, and protect Buddhist monks. The descendants of the same lama are still called Chinese lamas. Chhorten’s Guthi and Chhorten have been operating under the same Lama.
It is said that a ray of Bodhisattva entered the tunnel from heaven and played an instrument in the sky. That is why this stupa is also called Sange Thamje Duive Chyorten. The four Yonjans, Ghising, Val and Lopchan Thar Tamangs (ancestors) of the Tamang genealogy Therefore, the main religious Timal Jatra (patriarchal worship) of the Tamangs and the major pilgrimages are Namo Buddha, Buddhism, Nagarjuna and Swayambhu.
Naming of Jarung Khashor
The Buddha Nath Stupa is mentioned in Tibetan history as Jyrung Khashor (བྱ་ རུང་ ཁ་ ཤོར). In the Tibetan language, jyङrung means “word” and “khashor” means “lost word.” According to Buddhist mythology, the stupa was named “jyurung khashor” because the builder of the stupa asked the king for permission to build the chaitya.
History of Boudhanath
Bouddhanath was built around the 14th century after the Mughal invasion from the south. However, there are many interesting stories about its construction. After the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959 brought thousands of Tibetan refugees to Nepal, the Buddha Nath Stupa became an important center of Tibetan Buddhism.
The old name of the Buddhist is Jharung Khasyor
The Buddha Nath Stupa, which is on the World Heritage List, is believed to have been built in the 5th century. Buddhanath is found in the history of Licchavi king Shivadev. History has it that the Buddhist stupa was destroyed and later rebuilt by the Mughal Empire in the 14th century.
The old name of the Buddhist is Jharung Khasyor.There is a Buddhist myth that a mahachaitya was built by a woman named Jyajima shortly after the Buddha attained Nirvana with the permission of the king. Like Swayambhu, some Buddhists believe that the Mahachaitya originated itself. According to a nineteenth-century genealogy edited by Daniel Wright, it was built by King Mandev I in 464-505.
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