Pushpalal Shrestha, who founded the CPN (Maoist) with the aim of establishing rights for the people through the Communist Party of Nepal, died on July 22, 2008 while undergoing treatment at the Govinda Ballabh Pant Hospital in India.
Pushpalal had founded the CPN (Maoist) on April 26, 2006. Known as the ideologue of the Nepali revolution, Pushpalal fought for the freedom of the people all his life. Pushpalal, who was born in Bhangeri, Ramechhap, on July 3, 1981, translated the World Communist Manifesto into Nepali and published it in Nepali in 2005.
He is also the brother of Martyr Ganga Lal Shrestha, the leader of the anti-Pushpalal Rana movement. To be the first leader to move forward the ‘line of action of the United People’s Movement’ in 2025 BS to end the Panchayat autocracy. On the occasion of Memorial Day, the ruling Communist Party of Nepal will organize a special program at Pushpalal Memorial Park, Champadevi.
Prime Minister and CPN (Maoist) Chairman KP Sharma Oli, Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ and others will be present in the program. While establishing the CPN (Maoist), Pushpalal stated in his manifesto that he would end feudal monarchy, achieve nationalism, independence, maintain adult suffrage, safeguard full freedom and democracy for the people on the basis of constitution, and give priority to the welfare of working people.
The declaration also included the establishment of a government of feudalism, anti-imperialist forces and the implementation of revolutionary land reforms. The CPN (Maoist) was established in a building at Shyambazar in Kolkata with the active participation of Pushpalal, Nara Bahadur Karmacharya, Niranjan Govind Vaidya, Narayan Vilas Joshi and Motidevi Shrestha. Pushpalal had written the Nepali version of the Communist Manifesto under the title ‘Something’.
In the manifesto, “It is imperative to publish the manifesto in Nepali language, which gives strength and courage to guide the world labor movement in the right direction, and to take the Nepali working class movement on the right path. I have done my best to translate this manifesto into Nepali language.
Nepali Marxists have also interpreted this as the beginning of Marxist consciousness and literature. After the assassination of Daju Gangala, Pushpalal had made a vow to eradicate Ranashahi. He was 15 at the time. He was born in Bhangeri, Ramechhap on July 3, 1981 as the eldest son of father Bhaktalal and mother Tulasimaya Shrestha. Father Bhaktalal was the owner of the property in Ramechhap, but lost his job due to his son.
Pushpalal was not only an anti-authoritarian, pro-working class, liberal democrat, principled, simple and amiable politician, but he also had a deep knowledge of history, sociology and anthropology. It is said that the multi-faceted talent Pushpalal has a very good understanding even in foreign affairs. Even after the step of 2017 BS, he worked day and night to reorganize the Communist Party of Nepal in the underground exile and to confirm the need and justification of the United People’s Movement.
Based on his views and philosophy, today the CPN (Maoist) is leading a two-thirds majority government with the slogan of economic prosperity. It is believed that a new Nepal will be built from the roadmap of the CPN (Maoist) drawn by Pushpalal, who is dedicated to the country and the people, is disciplined in principle and enjoys the struggle. The government has established a national award in Pushpalal’s honor. Similarly, Pushpalal Mid-Hill Highway is also being constructed.
Pushpalal’s main contribution to Nepali politics is the beginning of a new idea. He formally established the socialist ideology in Nepal, which was struggling to find a place to establish itself. He was inspired by Lenin’s study, study and re-study. His ideological contributions can be viewed as follows:
– The first pamphlet was published on 12 April 2006. It states: ‘The real liberation of the Nepali people is not possible only with the end of the Rana rule. For this, the entire feudal system, which is based on All-American imperialism, must be attacked. ‘
– Published the Nepali translation of the Communist Manifesto on April 23, 2005 (April 5, 1949). This is the first book of Bam Vichar published in Nepali language. The translation of this manifesto would not have been possible without a good intervention in the communist, materialist philosophy. Therefore, it is confirmed that he studied philosophy in depth at that time.
– In 2008, the first conference of the party was held in Calcutta. The idea presented by Pushpalal in the working paper titled ‘Nepali People’s Path for Democracy’ has been proved today. This confirms that he was a visionary leader.
– French leaders came to Benares to meet him during the formation of RIM. There was a discussion at a Chinese restaurant in Laurabir. At that time, he flatly rejected the suggestion that the king and the Nepali Congress should be considered equal enemies. He was adamant that a united front of democrats and leftists could be formed to defeat the monarchy and bring a republic to the country, which was later proved to be true.
– In 1998, the Nepal Prajatantra Sangh was established under the auspices of Surya Bahadur Bhardwaj. In which Pushpalal was also actively involved.
– In 1999, the All Nepal Class Assembly was established with the active participation of Gyawali Dharnidhars from Darjeeling, India. In which he was also involved. It was the first to call for a republic called “Nepal Zinda Wad” and to support the Bolsheviks of Russia and Krambel of Britain.
– On 10 April 2006 (April 22, 1949), the new government lane house no. In 1938, Nara Bahadur Karmacharya, Niranjan Govind Vaidya, Narayan Vilas Joshi and Motidevi Shrestha formed the Communist Party of Nepal. This is a. Pushpalal is the highest contribution of the organizational sector. Nripendra Chakraborty of the CPI was instrumental in this historic task.
– Regarding the establishment of the party. Since Pushpalal himself gave 6 September 2006 (15 September 1949) in some places, the founding day was celebrated on this date till 2016. Only then was it decided to establish Lenin’s birthday, April 22, 1949 (April 10, 2006), and the same day was considered the day the party was founded. What is wrong with the first argument above is that September 15, 1949 is not September 6, but September 30, 2006. It also became necessary to find out the truth by searching.
Pushpalal, who ran the party headquarters from there for 17 years on 29/30, established and strengthened Nepali leftist politics. However, he was declared a traitor in 2016 by publishing a booklet from Mohan Bikram Singh. The Nepali communist tradition of persecuting as soon as there was a disagreement was also raised in this incident. But in time, neither Pushpalal became a traitor nor did the announcer become the base of the Nepali communist movement. So this attempt went awry and failed.
However, Pushpalal Shrestha ‘s organizational limitation was that he could not hold a strong grip on the party by giving a far-reaching idea like the detailed idea of Nepali revolution in the third conference of the CPN (Maoist) by analyzing the objective class of Nepali society by giving ideas and organization.