Someshwar Gadhi : Nowadays, when you go for a walk in any district of Nepal, tourism issues come up. Jurmurai is found at all local levels to develop the tourism sector. However, there is a lack of infrastructure to develop tourism in many places. Someshwor gadhi of Madi in Chitwan district has also been included in the list of 100 tourist destinations made public by the government. Someshwar gadhi is a historical site located in Madi Municipality-5 of Chitwan District.
The Madi Valley of Chitwan is surrounded on three sides by the Chitwan National Park and on the south by the Someshwar Gadhi Mountains. Surrounded by forests, Madi municipality is green and picturesque. Madi, known for its conflict between wildlife and humans, is now a tourist destination.
Madi Valley, adorned with nature, is becoming a tourism hub. Forests, lakes, monasteries, historical, religious sites, Tharu settlements and their culture, vegetable and fruit farming, fishing, silk farming etc. of Madi region have become centers of attraction for tourists. Madi is considered to be a beautiful place for tourists as it is surrounded by hills, forests and valleys in the middle. From the Martyrs’ Memorial Tower in Kalyanpur of Madi, one can observe the entire geography of Madi and West Chitwan. Tourists can enjoy watching the lights burning in the settlements from the tower at night.
Tourists enjoy wandering in the forest within the Madi Valley and seeing various birds and wild animals. The Madi region is equally important for pilgrims. There are Goddhakdham, Pandavanagar village, Valmiki Ashram, Someshwargadhi, Gardi and Tharu village of Bagauda, Vaikunthe Lake, Chamere cave, Simara village of Rewapari, fishery of Gopalnagar, Laxminivas village etc. in Madi area. Someshwar Gadhi
Due to which Madi is considered as a small museum. Meghauli and some surrounding areas can be seen from the pleasant hill within the forest area of Ayodhyapuri. The fish pond spread over an area of 500 in Gopalnagar of Kalyanpur village has also become a tourist destination nowadays.
Madi municipality is located in the third district of Nepal, Chitwan district. Madi has become a municipality comprising the former Bagauda, Gardi, Kalyanpur and Ayodhyapuri Village Development Committees of Chitwan district. At present, the center of Madi municipality is Basantapur Bazaar. The Madi region begins after crossing the Madi Valley 40 km south of Chaubiskoti in Bharatpur.
After going south from Chaubisakothi of Bharatpur, passing through Krishnapur, Yajnapuri, Prembasti, Chok Bazaar, Gitanagar, Pakodi, Patihani, Jagatpur and crossing Chitwan National Park, the valley is Madi. In Madi Valley, you have to cross the forest of Jada 10 km park. The Madi Valley is surrounded by the Chure Hills. The Madi Valley, which borders India in the southern part of Chitwan, has biodiversity. Someshwar Gadhi
To the south of the Madi Valley is the Someshwar Chure Danda which is connected to India and to its east, west and north lies the National Park. Surrounded by fertile and beautiful terrain, surrounded by the Chure Hills and National Parks, the Madi Valley has dozens of small rivers and streams flowing from the south to the north. Someshwar Gadhi
Marot Khola, Deuta Khola, Ghosari Khola, Magoi Khola, Rautne Khola, Badarmude Khola, Rimal Khola, Ghaghar Khola, Baghai Khola are the major rivers of Madi Valley. Rewa river is the main river of Madi. These rivers and canals have been a boon for the Madibasi farmers and sometimes even a disaster. The Rewa River originates in the southeast of the Madi Valley and flows northwards along the Madi National Park in a serpentine shape. Someshwar Gadhi
The four villages of Madi are famous for four different objects. Gardi village is famous for vegetable and fruit and zucchini farming, Baghauda village is famous for silk farming, Kalyanpur village is famous for fishing and silk farming, Ayodhyapuri village is famous for paddy and maize farming. Due to which Madi is famous for rice, zucchini, silk and fish.
Basantapur Bazaar of Madi Valley is considered as the middle point of Madi. There are Madi Health Center, Campus, Madi FM, Tribeni Development Bank, Pushpanjali Hospital and other organizations in Basantapur Bazaar. Grocery and fancy shops are open for shopping. Similarly Baruwa Bazaar, Basantapur Bazaar, Kalyanpur, Kirtanpur. Debendrapur, Kharkata etc. are the major markets of Madi Valley. Someshwar Gadhi
After reaching Madi, Godak Mela and Parashuram Kund bathing pilgrimage in Chaite Dashain, the area where five Pandavas live secretly, Someshwar Kalika Temple, Baikuntha Lake, fish farming in Kalyanpur Gopalnagar have become tourist destinations. Similarly, tourists can also observe the monument of the heartbreaking Bandarmudhe incident during the conflict period in Nepal.
The objects or places of historical importance within Madi have also become a place of attraction for the tourists of Madi Valley. Someshwargadhi, which has historical significance, belongs to Madi. Various types of weapons, utensils and stone figures have been found in the hills of Someshwargadhi at different times. Someshwar Gadhi
During the war between Nepal and the British, the Nepal Army was deployed by building a fort to stop the British army. But later, due to water problem, the army has been shifted to Upardangadhi. When the Licchavi rulers came to Nepal, they used to pass through this fort and later trade with India through this port.
The Valmiki Ashram in the Madi region is one of the main religious sites in Nepal. But to reach Valmiki Ashram, it is easier to travel from Madi Upatyaka to Barghat of Nawalparasi and Triveni. Within the Madi, there are places of religious importance, lakes, rivers and temples including Valdiki Ashram, Goddhak, Chharchhare, Govindeshwar Mahadev, Vaikuntha Lake, Parashuram Kunda, Rewa River, Kukurnath, Biralonath etc.
The crowded Pandavanagar is also one of the main religious sites in Nepal. Yudhisthira, Bhimsen, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva and Draupadi have settled on the banks of the river Rewa, hence the religious belief that the place is called Pandavanagar. Here you can still see the dug wells made by Arjuna and their idols. Vaikuntha Lake in Ayodhyapuri is also considered a sacred religious site. Someshwar Gadhi
Where the fair is held twice a year on Baisakh Shukla Purnima and Balachaturdashi. Where Lord Gautam Buddha is also believed to have spent a night. Chitwan National Park is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal. There are two main entrances to Chitwan National Park. Sauraha village in the east and Meghauli village in the west. Chitwan National Park is popular with tourists.
The park is especially famous for the one-horned rhinoceros and the tiger. The park is home to 43 species of mammals, 450 species of birds and 45 species of aquatic and reptiles. The major mammals found here include deer, chital, monkeys and baboon monkeys. Every year thousands of domestic and foreign tourists flock to Chitwan National Park to see the wild animals including Patebagh, Laguna, Gauri Gai, Mrig, Bear, Ghadiyal Crocodile Breeding Center and various species of birds. Someshwar Gadhi
Due to the rare wildlife biodiversity found in Chitwan National Park, tourists like to visit the Madi area of Chitwan. Listed in the World Heritage List, the park’s large meadows, wetland lakes and the chirping of birds can attract tourists. It is even easier to see the wild animals inside the park as you can ride the elephant around the forest. Chitwan National Park is the first and oldest national park in Nepal. It was established in 1973. It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1984. Its area is 932 km2. The head office of the park is located in Kasara. Someshwar Gadhi
History of Madi
After the Licchavi dynasty ruled in Kathmandu, the Licchavi king Mandev invaded the then Mallapuri and on his way back to Kathmandu, the Tharu caste settled in Chitwan. It is believed that the settlement in Chitwan started from Madi area. During the reign of King Ashunvarma of the Lichchhavi period, all trade with India was done through Madi’s Someshwar. Madi’s Someshwar was the only border crossing between Nepal and India at that time. Thus, Madi was a trading post during the Lichhavi period. The development of human settlement in Chitwan is believed to have started from Madi. Someshwar Gadhi
Naming of Madi -Someshwar Gadhi
The present Baghauda and Gardi were the only Madi areas in the beginning. Later, in 2023 BS, Chitwan was transformed from 22 panchayats to 42 panchayats, adding Ayodhyapuri, Kalyanpur and Thori panchayats to the administrative geography of Madi of five panchayats. The Madi region has come to its present geography after the Border Reorganization Committee merged Thori with Parsa district in 2034 BS. Madi’s name is believed to have been derived from the name of the sage Mandavya. According to another argument, Madi is also called Madi as the land is formed by the Rewa River flowing inside the valley surrounded by mountains. According to the Tharu language, not only the entire geography now known as Madi but only a part of the Rewa river bank of Bagauda village was initially known as Madi. In the Tharu language, mad means dhapilo or osilo and d means ghaderi. Thus, it is also found that Mad and D have the name Madi.
A place to be reached after reaching Madi -Someshwar Gadhi
Thori is located at a distance of 68 km from Bharatpur, the district headquarters of Chitwan and 70 km from Birangaj, the district headquarters of Parsa. Which is connected to Madi municipality of Chitwan. Thori is considered a historical place in Nepal’s politics. To reach Thori from Madi Valley, one has to travel 9 km by road within the park. Thori Iron Man is a place associated with important events in the life of Ganeshman. Thori has a history as a place where Ganeshman Singh gave political training from archery training. Singh was arrested from Thori along with a pistol during the anti-Rana campaign. Singh, who had repeatedly joined the movement against the Rana and the Panchayat system, had voluntarily convened a public meeting in Thori after the restoration of democracy in the country. Kathmandu Makwanpur-Thori and Gorkha, Tanahu and Chitwan-Thori were the underground footpaths of the revolutionaries. Therefore, there is an arsenal of weapons in the house of Lalhari Ghimire in Narkatiyaganj, about 40 km from Thori, and the Ganesh-era elders say that they run a shelter in Thori.
Settlement in Thori started from 1985 BS and from 2021 BS, people came from different parts of the hilly district and settled in Thori. Thori’s Nirmalabasti was in Chitwan district 2034 years ago. At that time I had to walk from the district headquarters Bharatpur to reach Thori. It was difficult to reach Thori in Chitwan National Park due to fear of animals, rivers like Rapti and Rewa. At that time, the people of Tanahu, Lamjung, Gorkha and Dhading districts also used to buy salt oil and other necessities. Even though Thori was integrated into Parsa in 2035 BS, the people of Thori still want to stay in Province 3, i.e. Chitwan district.
There is no problem of food while roaming in Madi Valley. Homestays have come into operation to provide services to tourists. The Magar community has been running homestay in Madi Municipality-8 Shivadwar since 1972 BS. Homestay is conducted in 11 houses in Shivadwar and tourists are kept in family atmosphere. Homestay has provided facilities to the tourists who go to see the wildlife, forests, natural beauty and culture. Foreign tourists visit Madi after visiting Lumbini and Pokhara. Pauda tourists are happy to stay in the homestay, see the local culture, observe the life of the villagers. Bote castes have run homestays not only in Shivadwar but also in Madi’s Pandap Nagar. There are public buses and small vehicles from Chaubiskoti in Bharatpur to explore the Madi Valley.