Suicide in Nepal
Suicide in Nepal ,Often people are looking for a way to survive. People are always afraid of death. So people try to prolong life by pushing death as much as possible. No matter how complex the disease, people do not want to lose it. He wants to fight the disease and live. People want to enjoy life once and for all. Death is natural. Even the truth. But, forgetting death, people want to laugh and enjoy life. Wants to do something People love their lives so much. There is greed.But, the same people are also motivated to end their lives. Why?
One million suicides every year
It is estimated that one million people worldwide die each year as a result of suicide. In almost all countries, this problem is more common in people between the ages of 15 and 24. When a person does not see any solution to the problem, then he chooses the path of suicide. Worldwide, some 800,000 people commit suicide each year. One person attempts suicide every 3 seconds and one person commits suicide every 40 seconds. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in the 15-29 age group.
Who attempts suicide?
Although suicide is a global phenomenon, 78 percent of suicides occur in developing countries. The number of people attempting suicide is 20 times higher than the number of people dying from suicide. Most women attempt suicide more than men. However, according to statistics, men are more likely than women to commit suicide due to dangerous methods. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), poisoning, hanging and burning are the leading causes of suicide in the world.
What do the statistics of Suicide in Nepal say?
According to the Nepal Police, an average of 4,674 people commit suicide every year when discussing the suicide situation in Nepal. The Metropolitan Police Office in Kathmandu registers at least 10 suicide-related incidents every week, most of them women.
Nepal ranks seventh in the world in suicide risk and third in women. In developing countries, including Nepal, there is a lack of reliable data on suicide due to various social stigmas, religious reasons and social attitudes, lack of proper archiving and limited research.
Why commit Suicide in Nepal ?
Depression is a major cause of suicide. The most common causes of depression are anxiety, mood swings, poor self-esteem, lack of interest in life, and lack of hope for the future. Depression promotes suicide.
Similarly, alcohol and other drug abuse is another cause of suicide. Some people use alcohol or other drugs to get new experiences, to get rid of depression, frustration, negative emotions. It slows down the work and increases depression. In addition, its use can lead to a variety of physical problems, as well as financially weakening, and a gradual decrease in interest in living, leading to an increase in suicides.
Similarly, chronic illness is one of the leading causes of suicide. Some people commit suicide because they do not know what it means to live with a physical illness for a long time. For example, many have been maimed by the conflict. They are physically unhealthy, which has led to an increase in suicide rates. Suicide rates are also rising in people with complex mental health problems such as psychosis and schizophrenia.
Similarly, social, personal or psychosocial problems have also increased suicide. For example, the number of single women has increased as there are mostly men in the end of married life, murders and disappearances. Due to this, single women have to face the problems of not being able to establish a good relationship with anyone, being unemployed, not being able to express their views, facing various social stigma due to lack of spouse.
In addition to this, the tragic incident of killing the parents of a child has also increased the suicide rate.
Statements and truths about Suicide
Statement: When inquiring or talking about suicide, you are more motivated to commit suicide.
Truthfulness- Intimacy and talking without any kind of criticism makes a person feel comfortable to live.
Statement: Men are more likely to attempt suicide than women.
Truth : Women make more suicide attempts. However, 2 out of 3 suicide attempts are more successful than men.
Statement: Once a person thinks or attempts suicide, he always thinks the same way. If a person decides to commit suicide, no one can stop him.
Truth: It is not true that a person who once thought or attempted suicide always thinks the same way. This is a temporary thought. It only lasts until the crisis is over. Suicide only represents the hour of crisis. It can be prevented 100 percent. As people go through a crisis, the way they look at problems can change. Usually, a person who attempts suicide later regrets it and is ready to live.
Statement: Most suicides are caused by a traumatic event.
Truth: Suicides are caused by events that have been going on for a long time. For example, long-term unhappiness, depression, low self-esteem, and lack of ability to cope with life’s events, or lack of hope for the future.
Statement: A person who tries to commit suicide, reacts excessively to anything.
Truth: An event that seems small or easy to one person may seem embarrassing or big to another.
Statement: Suicide is the result of anger, rage, revenge and cowardice.
Truth: Many people who commit suicide feel that they are of no use to others or that they are a burden to others, and that they think it will be easier for their relatives if it ends.
Some questions about Suicide in Nepal
Does a suicidal person give any warning or signal? Eight out of 10 people signal suicide in one way or another. Does a person who commits suicide always leave a suicide note? Most suicide notes are not written. Is a suicidal person trying to draw attention to himself or herself? No, it’s the other way around. 705 people are trying to give some warning sign before committing suicide. Or attempted suicide. If a person commits suicide in any way, it should be taken seriously.
Is suicide a desire? No one commits suicide voluntarily. This is just the wrong way for a person to be free from suffering. If he finds out that there is another way to get rid of grief, he will never choose suicide.
The response of a person at risk of suicide
Not responding to anything. Not caring about your sanitation. To be emotionally zero. Not showing interest in anything. Feeling worthless. Suddenly very happy and suddenly calm. Behaving in a way that harms and harms oneself and keeps talking about dying. Plan to commit suicide and prepare for it. Arranging these actions in a systematic way before attempting suicide. Ending relationships and roles that may or may not be prevented before committing suicide.
Frustrated with the future, not thinking that life can be better in the days to come. I don’t have anyone, no one looks at me in a positive light, I do pessimistic things like who I live for now and I feel helpless. Taking suicide positively. Unexpected meeting or conversation with the person you love or care for. Sharing these valuables with others.
How to help a person at risk of suicide?
Society considers suicidal people as cowards, harmful acts done to get relief from this misery, selfishness, etc. This is considered a mental problem. Society thinks that such people are sinful and weak minded. Suicide is the result of a problem. The best way to help someone at risk of suicide is through empathy and listening. Let this person know that he is not alone and that you care about him.
Such a person should be allowed to rest, listen to the patient fully and encourage him to express his feelings. Building a trusting relationship (expanding the relationship), however, is important to keep her information confidential and sensitive to her feelings. Helping someone at risk of suicide requires courage and patience. Properly covered, it will withstand a great deal of adverse conditions.