Rhododendron -If anyone asks about the national animal of Nepal, birds, flowers, flags, colors, the brothers and sisters will not be confused. There is no need to be confused as it is repeated in general knowledge, school and university textbooks.Even though the environment around you looks deserted due to falling leaves of other plants, today the national flower Laligurans has made the forest bright. After a long study by experts, the then King Mahendra declared Rhododendron as the national flower in 2019 BS.
The constitution made public by King Mahendra on January 26, 2019 BS included national animals, birds, flowers, flags, colors and other national identities. After that, the tree-shaped Laligurans got national recognition. There are 31 types of Gurans in the central and high hilly and mountainous regions of 43 different districts of Nepal from east to far west. Since Rhododendron is found in the hills from east to far west, experts have recommended making this plant the national flower.
There are hundreds of varieties of shrubs, shrubs, and medium-sized trees. But not all redheads. The large tree-sized red gourd is found only in Nepal and China. The red gourd of tree size has given a different identity than the national flower of other countries. Nepal participated in a world-class national flower painting exhibition in Haifa, Israel. In that exhibition, many foreigners talked about the national flower of Nepal.
According to botanists, the English word rhododendron is a combination of the Latin words rhododendron (red) and dendron (tree). One thousand one hundred and fifty-seven species of Rhododendron have been found worldwide. According to the Department of Vegetation, 31 species have been identified in Nepal. About 10 percent of the total forest area of Nepal is mixed forest. Such forest covers an area of 692,000 hectares.
The confluence of Taplejung, Sankhuwasabha and Terhathum in the eastern part of Nepal is covered with the forest of Laliguran at Tinjure, Milke, Jaljale (TMJ). As 28 different species of Gurans are found in TMJ alone, the place is also called the capital of Gurans (Rhododendron ). The number of internal and external tourists visiting TMJ is very high as many types of gurans make the forest colorful throughout the months of March, April, May and June.That is why the government has declared TMJ, the capital of Rhododendron , as an important tourist destination in Nepal. The area can be reached via Dharan-Dhankuta, a tourist town in the east, and Basantapur Tutedeurali in Tehrathum. It can also be reached from different areas of Taplejung and Sankhuwasabha. Kishor Thulung Rai, a journalist from Dharan, says that they have to wait for the month of Chait to bloom as the temperature has not improved this time.
In Nepal, Laligurans Gurans are found at an average altitude of 1,300 to 2,500 meters above sea level. Apart from Laligurans, other types of Gurans have also been found at an altitude of 4,500 meters. Rhododendron , also known as rhododendron nivals in mountainous areas, are also called snow snow. Since the Himalayas are now covered with snow, the highland Gurans, such as the Rhododendron Nibal, bloom only in mid-August.
The height of the rhododendron nibble, which looks like a bush of unyu, is less than one meter “The lower the height of the Laliguran tree, the darker its height and the darker the color,” he says. Many species of red gourds are also found in the surrounding area.
Rhododendron are found in Nepal, China, India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Australia. although Rhododendron are found in other countries, they cannot be said to have grown in the natural environment as they were brought from other places.
Foreign experts have been interested in TMJ, the capital of Rhododendron , since the Panchayat period. Ren नागरिक de Millville, a French national who is also a tourist guide, had visited TMJ several times during the Panchayat period. He had prepared a report on the biodiversity and Gurans species there and suggested the then Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa to conserve the region.
Following the path suggested by Millville, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) started conservation activities at TMJ in 2050. When the current President Bidyadevi Bhandari was the Forest Minister in 2054 BS, conservationists made her aware of its importance and suggested making it a protected area.After the then Ministry of Environment and Population declared Laligurans National Conservation Area in 2055 BS, the concept of protected area by the community has moved forward. In order to support the importance of TMJ, the then Ministry of Environment and Population had declared the National Rhododendron Conservation Area in 2055 BS. The area is spread over 585 sq km.
Facts About Gurans
- Guran speciesWe have been listening to Lali Gurans. However,Rhododendron come in many forms. It has been recorded that there are only 33 species of Gurans in Nepal that bloom in many colors. Earlier, it was revealed that only 30 species are found.
- The capital of GuransGurans are also found in abundance in the hilly regions of Nepal. The forest itself is green with Rhododendron . However, a part of Nepal, where the empire of Gurans can be seen. Tinjure Milke Jaljal is the only place where 28 species of Gurans can be seen.
The confluence of Tehrathum, Sankhuwasabha and Taplejung, Tinjure Milke Jaljale is said to be the capital of Gurans. Guran attracts tourists to this place. In Chaitra-Vaishakh, there are a lot of people who enjoy Rhododendron .In this forest, which is spread at an altitude of 1,500 to 500 meters, Guran is the only place where Guran thrives.
- The place of origin of Gurans
- Rhododendron are especially abundant in the Eastern Himalayas and the Malay Islands. The Hengduwang mountain range on the northwestern border of China’s Yunnan Province, on the eastern side of the Himalayas, is said to be an area of abundance of Gurans species. Gurans is believed to have originated in the Hengduwang mountain range. However, recent research has revealed that guarana leaves were found in Alaska, USA.
There are many types of gurans such as red gurans, gurans, red and white chimal, sunpati, male sunpati.
- Gurans festivalWhen Gurans blooms in the forest, it feels as if the forest is celebrating. Gurans, which blossomed to cover the cliffs, had to seduce the minds of beauty connoisseurs. Fascinated by this beauty of Gurans, festivals are organized in different parts of the country.
Gurans festival is being held in the tourist Ghumte Lake of Baglung. Such a festival is held there during the main flowering season. Meanwhile, ‘Rolpa Gurans Sahitya Mela’ is being organized in Rolpa. Such festivals are also held in other regions.
- Gurans: From beauty to medicineGurans is beauty in itself. Gurans flowers attract anyone. Gurans also have medicinal value. Red guarana is considered to be rich in nutrients.
Gurans are still kept in the village and used as medicine. Gurans are one of the healthiest drinks in the summer. Even tasty. Gurans are given to eat when the throat is sore or if something gets stuck in the throat. Gurans are also considered useful in case of liver and kidney problems. Gurans juice is beneficial in heart disease.
Tourist attraction has increased in Tinjure, known as the capital of Rhododendron , a famous tourist destination of Tehrathum.As there are 28 types of Gurans out of 32 found in Nepal, the number of visitors has increased.Between five hundred and one thousand tourists visit here daily. This is not only the attraction of Tehrathum district but also the basis of livelihood of the locals there, says Arjun Mawohang, Mayor of Laliguras Municipality.
But the Koshi Corridor of National Pride is in the process of expanding 220 kVA transmission line. Which is in the middle of the Tinjure known as the capital of Gurans. The locals have demanded to find alternatives saying that it will weaken the tourism potential of Tinjure.
The transmission line falls in Chaite, Chitre, Tinjure-Ratpokhari, Lisabote, Menchyayam Dhap, Gauri Nagi and Dangi Jori community forest areas of Tehrathum.
These forests are famous for Rhododendron . There is concern among the people from the people’s representatives that the important tourist destination of the country will be lost due to the expansion of the line from the central part of Gurans Tourism Center Tinjure.
There are 28 species of Gurans in Tinjure, Milke and Jaljale areas. Tourists sneeze during the main season to observe it. If the rare species of Gurans is cut down, the tourist potential that will survive in it will also be wiped out.
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