Many histories are connected with Gyanendra Shah, the last king of Nepal. He is the last king of Nepal, so his name is associated with history along with the name of Prithvi Narayan Shah. The history of the Shah period after the unification of the state started from the earth and ended in Gyanendra. He has been king twice. However, both times he was proclaimed king in awkward and unnatural circumstances.
He was first proclaimed king in 2007. Gyanendra Shah, who was still in Nepal, was declared king after the then King Tribhuvan took refuge in India with his successor Mahendra and grandson Birendra. At that time, it was the same for him to be declared king and to play the game of dolls. He was young for the second time in 2058 BS. Age was very hidden. He made history by becoming king at the youngest age. He became king after his brother’s annihilation. There is no example of another king after the annihilation of the dynasty.
After the annihilation of Birendra, his faith in the monarchy was severely shaken. Gyanendra, who was declared king in an unnatural environment, wanted to do some ‘popular’ work so that his faith in the monarchy could be repeated. He used the Maoist conflict as a weapon. His “strategy” was to resolve the Maoist conflict, reduce parliamentary distortions, and increase the court’s credibility. Within 17 months of becoming king, he dismissed the then prime minister, Sher Bahadur Deuwa.
He was the audacious king who dismissed the popularly elected prime minister after the restoration of the parliamentary system.
Father Mahendra had deposed the elected Prime Minister BP Koirala. Even when the two-thirds majority BP was ousted, no one took to the streets. The same thing happened when King Gyanendra deposed the then Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuwa. The road was deserted. There was disgust towards the parliamentary system and political parties. The situation could have been different if he had taken the hand of one of the parliamentary parties and the Maoists.
There was disgust towards political parties. The situation could have been different if he had taken the hand of one of the parliamentary parties and the Maoists. He started looking for his own father Mahendra’s helper.
Times had changed. Father’s helper could not bring him the peace he wanted. Instead, politics moved in the direction of uniting the Maoists and the parliamentary parties. His son Gyanendra was forced to return his brother Girija Prasad Koirala forever in order to advance the political power snatched from BP Koirala by his father Mahendra according to the seven-party roadmap.
The country entered the republic in 1965 BS with the peace process and the election of the Constituent Assembly. The monarchy of 2040 BS was confined to the depths of history. However, Gyanendra has not given up. He is issuing a statement saying that he did not leave his house even after leaving the palace, his agreement with him was broken and state resources were exploited. He challenged the parties to prove the allegation of fratricide against him. He was the most attacked on the same charge.
Gyanendra left the palace without bloodshed. From the taste of rule to the suffering of the citizens. However, his ability to cope with all complex situations is commendable. If only his negative side is examined, it will be an injustice to history.