It is a well-known fact that hundreds of states rise and fall on the world map with the rise of states. The flag of the existence of a state which was founded on a solid foundation and with a sufficient foundation has been flying for thousands of years till date. But the states that stood on weak foundations and which were manifested in excitement and excitement also disappeared from the map.
When analyzing the political existence of states, the overall basis has to be examined.Looking at only the part, its all-encompassing and meaningful result becomes difficult. An unbroken human chain is human history. The order of human civilization in a particular state is the basis of the ‘standard’ of civilization there.
However, archeological grounds and records are difficult, and future generations are deprived of knowing the glorious history of the place when the winners are only forced to celebrate their contributions.And, the historical side of the issue feels uncomfortable when other social groups in the country that have contributed to the formation of those states deny or overshadow the role of their ancestors.
The longer the history of a state or states, the longer its existence can be maintained. But it is not as easy to see things from afar as it is to see things from near. But politicians, scholars, historians must present their unbroken human civilization to their descendants in a fair manner.
In this context, the emergence of the state in Nepal has been done by distorting the fair contributions made in the history, due to which the existence of the state has sometimes been in crisis. On the one hand, some people are strongly presenting the issue of isolation of Madhes or the plains of the country through their one-sided study, while on the other hand, the current establishment or ruling class is trying to cover up the real history of Nepal and make its community play a small role through its praisers.
Some of the writers of Nepali history have presented the journey of Prithvinarayan Shah’s expansion of the kingdom in a special way (1801 BS) as if the state of Nepal was born from this and pretended to have spent all their energy on his success. Attempts have been made to put all the historical events before that period behind the scenes. While the state called Nepal had come into existence thousands of years ago.
Gopal dynasty and the state of Nepal
The book titled ‘Gopalraj Vanshavali’ and Gyanmani Nepal, P.D. Ramprasad Upadhyay, Dr. Most of the historians of Nepal, including Surendra KC, have accepted the fact that the Gopalvanshis are the founders of Nepal.The Kathmandu Valley is a pond and the entire valley of the valley has developed into a grassland after the water flowed from Chobhardanda.
When the herdsmen of the place entered the valley in search of suitable pastures for their animals and started living with their animals, the establishment of ‘Pashupatinath’, the naming of the state called ‘Nepal’, the beginning of the settlement system, etc.
Legends of Kali Gai ‘Ne’ Muni and ‘Gopal’ Sardar .
Legends of Kali Gai ‘Ne’ Muni and ‘Gopal’ Sardar
Seeing that Kaligai was always offering milk on a stone on the bank of the Bagmati, Gopal Sardar tried to excavate the stone and a supernatural light was generated and the Sardar was burnt there. Then his guru named ‘Ne’ gave the establishment of Pashupatinath to the son of that Sardar, the establishment of the state of Nepal.
He was initiated into the state system and started to establish settlements and was declared the ruler.
Gupta Surname and Gopal Dynasty:
Surnames of the Gopal Dynasties Most Nepali historians have written the Gopal Dynasty as ‘Gupta’. Gupta surnames usually belong to the Vaishya community, Yadav or Gopalvanshi surnames are often written as ‘Gop’ in the old days, so the surname should be ‘Gop’.
Historians who came to Nepal from Dwarika or Mathura at that time do not think it is logical to cross the Ganges and other big rivers and enter the valley instead. Facts historians have noted. Kushdhvaj, the brother of the twentieth king of the Videha Republic, Shirhakaj, is said to be of Nepali descent.
The then boundary of the state was extended to Dudhkoshi in the east, Trishuli in the west, Gosainkunda in the north and Chitlang in the south. The major settlements were presently Kirtipur, Thankot, Balkhu, Tistung, Palung, Sankhu, Manichud Changu etc.Vedic Civilization: Historians have mentioned that with the advancement of Vedic civilization, animal husbandry and agricultural civilization have developed in abundance.
‘Shiva Civilization’ ‘Shiva Pashupati’ including Taurus-Trishul, Deity Nagdevata, Ling Puja, Animal Worship etc. are the postmodern subjects of the civilization which according to the belief should be aimed at protecting their animals and guardians while worshiping Shiva in the form of Pashupati.
Vedic ‘Indus Civilization’ Hindi book, author Kiran Kumar Thapaliya, Sankata Prasad Shukla .The Gopala dynasty ruled from Matatirtha.Mahishpal dynasty: After Jitgop became childless, the power of Nepal came in the hands of Mahishpals.‘Gopalvanshavali’ shows that the Mahishapals ruled for 161 years and 2 months.
King Srivat Singh 49 years, King Sri Wat Singh 49 years, King Jai Singh 71 years and 2 months, King Tribhuvan Singh 41 years and 3 people ruled the state. Although Nepali historians say that he was of regional descent, he was a herdsman. Because, it is described in the Puranas that the Yaduvanshis are Chandravanshi regional.
Although Mahishpal Ahir looks different as a profession, they are basically Yaduvanshi, even now they are known as Gwala, Gop, Ahir, Gopalvanshi, Yaduvanshi etc. It is understood that the original place of Mahishapals is the Videha Republic.
Shakyas of Kapilvastu and Nepal
According to the famous Buddhist scriptures Digdhanikaya and Sumangal Vilasini, the king of the Kaushal kingdom expelled five princesses and four princes from his kingdom to give the kingdom to his youngest queen’s sons. On their way to the northern Himalayas, they met Kapil Muni, who was doing penance in the forest.
According to Kapil Muni’s order, they cut down the oak forest and settled there. They must have gone to live in Shakya because of the settlement inhabited by clearing the forest with Shak trees.Later, they ruled the state from the name of Shakya Republic. It was bounded on the east by the Rohini River, on the west by the Rapti River, on the north by the Himalayas, and on the south by Pawa Kushinagar.
After the Shakya Republic, Vajji had co-ruled with the Federation. At that time, Lumbini was connected by road to Pava Kushinagar, Vaishali and Rajgriha. The road connecting Magadha and Kaushal was passing through Kapilvastu Lumbini and Ramgram (Kologram). There were also cities like Kapilvastu, Susumar, Shilawati, Shakkar etc.
From the description of Chinese traveler Fahiyan Yuanchang, it is found that the place has excellent art and culture, architecture. 294 years after Gautama Buddha attained great enlightenment. In 249 AD, Priyadarshi Ashoka visited the place where his guru Upagupta was also present.
Against the king of the Kaushal kingdom, who was the son of Prasenjit, who had a dispute over the sharing of the Rohini river, he invaded the Shakya republic, which led to a great massacre. The invaded Shakya and Koliyas fled the valley and entered the valley. In the process, the Shakyas also became involved in the construction of Nepali nationhood. Later, those parts remained an integral part of Nepal.Gopal dynasty
Bideha Republic and Nepal
Nini, son of ‘Ichchaku’ of ‘Vishwaswast Manu’, the eastern part of the Gandak river, was deported from Ayodhya to the eastern part of the ‘Sadanira’ river, that is, his grandson Gandak, and was sent to the east. Make the swamp land habitable. In order to run the state formally, he organized a ‘Rajasu’ Yajna and asked his Vice-Chancellor ‘Vashisht’ to perform the Yajna.
The yajna was then performed by ‘Gautam Rishi’.
When Vashisht came to know about the subject, he cursed Nimi to become bodyless and after that curse, there is a legend of a bodyless brother. After that situation, a child appeared after the body was shaken by Gautam Rishi. As the child was born from ‘Manthan’, it was named ‘Mithi’ and the suffix ‘La’ became ‘Mithila’. As a child was born without a father, it was named ‘Janak’.
Kirat dynasty and Nepal
Fall of Mahishapals After the invasion of insects under the leadership of Yalambar, the rule of insects seems to have started in Nepal.The reign of the Kirats Must be 1000 years old. In the battle of Mahabharata, the Kirats were involved in the war on the side of the Pandavas. The Kirats ruled Nepal during the reign of Gautam Buddha and during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya in Magadha.
Historians such as Kirkpatrick Wright have named 27 to 29 rulers.Yalambar, Pavi, Skandha, Valamba, Huti, Humati, Jitedasti, Galij, Pusk, Suryama, Pop, Bung, Swananda, Sthunko, Jighro, Nane, Luke, Thor, Thoki, Worm, Gunj, Pusk, Keshu, Suj, Sons, The kings named Gunam, Khimbu, Patuk, Gasta etc. ruled.Gopal dynasty
The Kirat regime was relatively good. Although the form of government was monarchical, it was decentralized by the courts of law, Kuthar, Sultani, Ligwant and Mapchok.
Rise of Licchavi in Nepal
The Licchavis ruled Nepal even more than the Kirats. Within the ‘Bajji Mahasangh’, the Licchavi Bideha, Shakya, Malla, Kashi, Kaushal Ramgram (Koliya) unions were affiliated to the federal republican system and ruled on the basis of coexistence. The power of Magadha had risen since the reign of Chantragupta Maurya. Ajatashatru was an aggressive ruler, and he attacked Licchavi and forced him to flee.
And, they came to take refuge in Nepal with the ‘Bidehas’. As the Kirats were weak at that time, the Licchavis defeated the Kirats and began to rule over Nepal. At that time B.C. Historians have estimated that it will be about 200 years.The Licchavis were formerly of Vaishali of Muzaffarpur (Vihar). .
Whose remains there are reminiscent of modern glorious history. When Emperor Ashoka came to Kathmandu, he brought his daughter Charumati with him. She was married to Devpal, a regional youth from Nepal.At the same time, Ashoka also built a beautiful city called Devpattanam. Which was even more beautiful than Pataliputra, the capital of Magadha.
Six hundred years later, the Chinese traveler Efahian discusses the beauty of Devpatan. It is understood that the marital relationship with the Licchavis has been maintained even after coming to Nepal.The Licchavis ruled Nepal for more than eight hundred years.Gopal dynasty
Licchavi period administrative system
Central administration, provincial administration, local administration, judicial administration, military administration and other governance arrangements were scientific and systematic. Currency was first introduced during the reign of Mandev. Not only this, during this period historical archiving, building construction, sculpture as well as literature, cultural music and art have been developed at a high level.
It is understood that the development works have started since then.With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China and India, diplomatic relations have also been developed. Similarly, economic management, animal husbandry, various indigenous products were also developed economically. Gopal Dynasty .
Also, for the first time in Nepal, customs and taxes were introduced. On the whole, the overall management of Kanakya’s Kautilya period political economics has cast a shadow ove+r the Nepali state system. That is why it has been considered as a model. Gopal dynasty
Boundaries of Lichhavi Nepal
Nepal’s borders also seem to have expanded considerably during the Lichhavi period. Chandragupta I, a Gupta dynasty, was married to the daughter of Vrishabhdev, the thirteenth king of Licchavi. His son Samudragupta and his father and son were very powerful rulers. Kamarupa Kamakhya in Assam to the east, Kashmir to the west and Tibet to the north and the Ganges to the south from the 4th to the 6th centuries.
It is followed by Tista in the east, Sakhalek in the west, Tibet in the north and south .
Rise of Shah dynasty in Nepal
According to the book Ancient India written by Radha Kumud Mukherjee on Indian history, the founder of the Sen dynasty, Samanta Sen, was born in a place called Radh in Bengal and was a Brahmin. In the 12th century, a man named Vijay Sen conquered many provinces and built power. And Vijay Sen invaded and occupied the territory of Nepal Mithila.
Ballal Sen, son of Vijay Sen, ruled from 1665 A.D. to 1185 A.D. It is found that the rule of Mallas in the valley started in the year 1274 BS as Ari Malla. Prithvi Narayan Shah’s State Expansion Campaign started by attacking Nuwakot on 5th September, 1801 BS. Is found
Rise of the Karnaites in the Terai region
During the reign of Vikramaditya VI, the Chalukya ruler of Ujjain, India, he invaded the far south and brought the far south of India under his rule. At the same time, the Canaanites conquered the region from the Magadha Empire by invading the areas north of the Ganges, which was under the control of the then Magadha Empire. And, they established the kingdom of Tirhut in 1154 AD and accordingly in 1097 AD.Gopal dynasty
On the whole, there are Madhesi and Adivasi tribes from the foundation stone of the Nepali nation to the management and expansion of the state system. It is found that they have not only a major role but also ownership in the construction of the Nepali nation. We do not have a claim on any particular territory. All Nepal is inherited by our ancestors. Our claim is our founding thing over all Nepal.
Who is the first king of Gopal dynasty?
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How is Gopal and Gupta dynasty related?
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