Ek Cihan : A Real motif
Ek Cihan, Hriday Chandra Singh Pradhan, a renowned writer in various fields of Nepali literature, is a social realist novelist with progressive ideas. The novelist Pradhan’s novel, which deals with the struggles, problems, complexities and pains of the lower class life, reveals themes such as equality, reformist consciousness, end of unjust atrocities, etc. as a message. Ethnic cultural unity, poor living conditions and compulsions are the notable aspects of his novel.
A grave novel based on the lives of poor Nepali farmers and laborers is a work known as a social realist. The subject of this novel is the tragic demise of the working class living under the term ‘grave’. In this novel, which originally presents the exploitation of poverty and anomalies, the sacred and pure feeling that no one is a stranger in the Himal Pahad Terai is expressed by the family of Ashtanaran.
The main theme of the novel is the tragic incident in which the families of Ashta Naran and Shiva Naran are buried in the same grave with the message of maintaining equality and cultural unity free from social discrimination. The novelist has selected working self-respecting representatives like Ashta Naran and Shiva Naran to present the sufferings, anguish, distress and compulsion of the peasantry.
Ashta Naran and Shiva Naran’s thoughts express the need to end the misery of the poor and reform the society in the novel. The fact that there has never been any economic progress in the life of a true peasant like Shiva Naran, despite working hard day and night, has further enhanced the dignity of the novel.
To show the reality that people with both good and bad tendencies live in the society, Dr. The characters of Godatta Prasad and Sahu Surman are presented in the novel. The fact that Dr. Godatta Prasad had to endure injustice for some time due to poverty and hardship and the fact that Surman’s exploitation also exploited Shiva Naran’s family due to lack of money is also a remarkable aspect of the novel.
Shiva Naran’s eight and courage against unholy marriage, the reality of love being spiritual and physical, Harsh Naran and Nanithakun’s interracial marriage, the need for an inclusive society, the need to raise voice against injustice, oppression, can be said to be the central elements of the novel. Progressive consciousness, equality, freedom and desire for a free society and self-respecting thoughts can be said to be the basic elements of the novel.
Scenario of Ek Cihan
The reality of lower class life around the year 2011 is presented in the novel. The novel deals with the complexities and struggles of lower class life in an environment of poverty, compulsion and disarray, especially the family environment of the Newari community. The novel focuses on Ast Naran and Shiva Naran. There is a compelling environment where Godatta Prasad has to go.
Harshanaran and Nanithkun’s marriage, which deemed ethnic and regional unity necessary, took place in an inter-caste region, in which the inclusive consciousness is found. Ashta Naran’s treatment and funeral had to be borrowed, the sun of happiness never shines even after working day and night, the harsh reality of lower class life is found in the novel. Surman’s exploitation, the doctor’s immorality, injustice, voices against atrocities, etc., have been strengthened and enlivened by the natural environment of the novel.
The fact that progressive thinking has flourished after the attainment of democracy, the need for cultural integration, inclusion and equality, the fact that conservatism and superstition have not left Nepali society is expressed in the context of favorable events and natural letters within the novel.