Naumati Baja : The Combination of 9 Folk Instruments in Nepal

Naumati Baja

Naumati Baja is a group of nine instruments. It is a large form of panchayabaja with four other instruments added. Under this there are Damaha, Jhyali, Tamko, Dholak, Sahanai, Karnal, Narsinga Baja in which Sahanai and Damaha have two each. The trumpet and trumpet are blown, the big trumpet, the small trumpet, the drum and tambourine, and the zyamta and mujura are fought. As nine folk musicians play the melody and rhythm at the same time, this group is full of Naumati instruments.

Naumati Baja
Naumati Baja

Brief description of Naumati instruments


Sahanai i.e. Sanai is the main attraction of Naumati Baja which is in pairs and in the same texture. This instrument can be played only by very hardworking folk artists. When one clarinet is played by moving the finger, the other blows and gives only the tune. The Sanai, specially made of silver and brass, emits thirty-six raga melodies from the eight-hole Bhakha.


This instrument, similar to the Madal but not real, is also played with a hand on one side and a small stick on the other. It covers the rhythm of other instruments and beats the beat. The drum is made of wood and leather about one and a half feet long.


Similarly, one of the great instruments of Naumati is Damaha. This instrument, made of copper and leather, is played with a wooden harp. Its sound is thick and trembling in nature.

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Little Damaha

The small form of asthma is called small damaha.

Nepali Instrument
Naumati Baja


Damaha the same size but smaller than Damaha is called left ventricle. Its sound is not as thick as a big asthma. It is also less dhankai than big Damaha, so it is considered as an ally of Damaha


Another instrument that gives rhythm under Naumati is the tamko which has a texture almost like a small asthma. This small and quick instrument is played with a small wooden bell. When the melody of the clarinet sounds, the tambourine picks up the rhythm and the other bells begin to ring. Thus the tamko and the small damaha are complementary instruments. Sometimes Naumati Baja is played even in the absence of one or the other due to lack of instruments.


Naumati Baja

Xyamta /Zyali

This instrument, which gives rhythm when the rhythm of the instruments is broken, is shaped like a plate made of bronze. The rope is inserted into two holes made for inserting the fingers of the hand in the Xyamta shaped like two bronze plates. When the tamko catches the rhythm of the sunai tune, the tamako and the tamko hit the kind of beat.


The name Narsinga may have been derived from the Sanskrit word narsringa, which is a corruption of the word narsinga nar (man). The blowing place is small but gradually getting bigger and bigger. This copper instrument is divided into two sections, which are connected while playing. When carried without playing, a small part of it is carried inside the big part on the shoulder.

This animal horn-shaped instrument can only be played by a few skilled masters. On the way to the wedding procession, trumpets are blown at some temples, monasteries, ghumti and bhanjyang deurali and karnal is played with smoke.


Nepali Instruments
Naumati Baja


Known as the most difficult instrument to play, the karnal has a straight and slightly larger horn. It is played for a very thick sound. The karnal made of copper is similar to the lama used by the lama but the blowing is different. The colonel, like the trumpet, is broken and carried in pairs.

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