Makwanpurgadhi : Nepalis are beginning to develop an interest in traveling. Nowadays, the bit of tourism is getting wider. Understanding that tourists can only reach the mountains, lakes and temples, now the tourists who are exploring historical things have started reaching the forts, forts and historical heritage. This is a matter of happiness for tourism development.
Makwanpur of Province No. 3 is a page of history in itself. Makwanpur has been the main gateway to the Kathmandu Valley from India and the Terai since the time of the Mallakalin kings. Makwanpur is a geography that travels from hunting forest to foreign countries during the war. Makwanpur is also considered to be the starting point of road transport from ropeway.
Makwanpurgadhi is the largest and most fortified fort in Nepal with an area and structure spread over 135 ropanis. Makwanpur was once known as the gateway to the capital and the place where passports were issued. The historical significance of Makwanpur cannot be discussed. The geography of Makwanpur, which is made up of two valleys of the hilly region and the inner Madhes, can be learned about the importance of Makwanpur if tourists visit the site.
The municipality is now planning to build a museum in Makwanpurgadhi, which has made a significant contribution to the unification of Nepal. Makwanpurgadhi near Hetauda is surrounded by a wall. In between are the ruins of palaces and forts. Inside the entrance is the temple of Vamsa Gopal. Now Makwanpurgadhi has become a tourist destination. Tourist pressure is increasing in Makwanpurgadhi now. The sight of crowds of domestic tourists to refresh from Hetauda Bazaar on holidays gives a glimpse of a fair.
Makwanpurgadhi is also among the 100 tourist destinations in the country announced by the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation. The entrance to Makwanpurgadhi gives a glimpse of the Great Wall of China. Tourists have to take turns to take photos and selfies while standing at the entrance. The number of tourists visiting Makwanpurgadhi has started increasing after the government declared the road a tourist destination.
As soon as tourists reach Makwanpurgadhi, they take diaries, pens and cameras out of their bags and start using pens. When Palpali king Manimukunda Sen divided his vast kingdom into four parts, Makwanpur fell to his youngest son Lohang Sen. Makwanpurgadhi was built by King Tula Sen around 1750 BS during the reign of Makwanpur. The end of the Sen dynasty kings was from Makwanpurgadhi.
The fort extends south of the Mahabharata Mountains at an altitude of about 3,600 feet above sea level. There are two main forts in Makwanpurgadhi. The large fort with the royal palace is called the original fort. Similarly, the fort, which is used for military parades and administrative buildings, is known as Sano Gadhi.
A 25 feet high wall has been built around the main fort to protect it. The width of the wall is about four feet and a 10 feet deep hole around the wall has provided additional protection to the fort. Spread from east to west, the palace where the royal family resides is known as Juge Durbar.
As Makwanpurgadhi is a historical place, the village municipality is also named Makwanpurgadhi. Gadhi area in Makawanpurgadhi Gaonpalika-2 is 17 km east of Hetauda. In Makawanpurgadhi, tourists are amazed to see a ditch made in the form of a prison to punish criminals at that time. During the reign of the Sen kings, lawbreakers were tortured by throwing them into a deep pit and even killing someone for crime.
There are still many things of historical and cultural importance to study in the fort. In Makawanpurgadhi, various structures including the old palace can be seen as ruins. Makwanpurgadhi has historical sites including Durbar, Vijay Park, Sano Gadhi and Dhungegadhi, Vijay Smarak. The land in the southeast of Makwanpurgadhi, which is associated with the Sen dynasty king, is known as Ranisera. King Sen of Makwanpur was also known as a very rich ruler. It is believed that the golden treasury buried during the Sen dynasty rule is still in Makwanpurgadhi.
Before the unification of Nepal, Makwanpur was under the rule of the Sen dynasty kings. Makwanpurgadhi was the capital of the three Sen kings. Chisapani Gadhi near the fort is the place where the army was deployed in the battle with the Agrajas. Prithvinarayan Shah’s Susrali Makwanpurgadhi, the creator of modern Nepal, the historical Juge Durbar of the Sen dynasty king Manimukunda Sen and the palace area are still a subject of study for tourists.
According to history, in 1794 BS, King Prithvinarayan Shah married Indra Kumari Sen, the daughter of the then Sen dynasty king Hemkarna Sen. At that time, Makwanpur was known as a powerful state. After 25 years of marriage, Prithvinarayan Shah Makwanpur was captured by the Gurkha army on 9 August 1819. The Makwanpurgadhi Sen dynasty ruled here in the early 13th century. Ten generations from the first king of the Sen dynasty, Mukunda Sen, to the last king, Digbandhan Sen, ruled Makwanpurgadhi for about 300 years.
History has it that Makwanpur was once an independent state. Its capital is Makwanpurgadhi. There, in 1258, King Mukunda Sen had a fort built. Later Lohang Sen, son of Mukunda Sen II, became the king of Makwanpur. The last king of Makwanpur is Digbandhan Sen. He was defeated by Nepal Unification Hero Prithvinarayan Shah.
King Digbandhan was terrified when his army began to be killed. He fled to Hariharpur fort. The Gorkhali army also attacked and conquered Hariharpur fort. Makwanpurgadhi is a heritage of historical significance not only in Makwanpur but also in Nepal. History shows that the history of the Nepal Army started from Makwanpurgadhi.
Digbandhan Sen, the last king of the Makwanpur dynasty, went to seek help from Nawab Mir Qasim Ali of Bengal after losing the battle of Hariharpur fort under Makwanpurgadhi. With the help of Nawab Ali, he attacked Makwanpurgadhi on January 26, 1819 BS with 2,000 fighters and 3,000 troops including 1,000 contingents.
Mir Qasim’s army was defeated by the army led by Nandu Shah at Makwanpurgadhi and the army of Vanshiraj Pandey sent by Prithvinarayan Shah from Dahchok. Seeing that the army led by Gurgin Khan was heading towards Shikharkateri from a low place, the Gorkhali army had fought with the enemy from a high place from the night of 9 January to 10 January.
1700 Mughal soldiers were killed. The morale of the Gurkha army was high and they chased the rest and crossed the border. images Vijaya Utsav is celebrated every January 10 in Makwanpurgadhi to commemorate the loss of foreign troops 256 years ago. After the Gorkhali army defeated Mir Qasim’s army, Prithvinarayan Shah organized a formal military organization by organizing the modern weapons and military zeal snatched from him.
The army has some of the weapons used in that war. In the fort area, Mukunda Sen’s queen had Rani Chautaro made. The quadrangle made by the queen can still be seen. After the capture of Gadhi Durbar, Prithvinarayan Shah established the old Gorakhgana at Suparetar in Makwanpur.
Nowadays, many tourists like to visit the historical Makwanpurgadhi with its beautiful natural environment. There is enough fertile land around Makwanpurgadhi for fruits and agriculture. Makwanpurgadhi has many scenic spots. Apart from Makawanpurgadhi, many things can be studied if tourists visit the villages and settlements of Makawanpur.
The Natural Museums of Laliguras and Sungabha, located at the Martyrs’ Memorial, Sim Bhanjyang and Dadakada in the surrounding mountain ranges, attract more tourists. During Ashoka’s visit to Nepal, tourists can also visit the Ashoka Chaitya, Shivalayas, various ancient tools found in the Palung and Bajrabarahi areas, idols, Gopal and the Gopali caste settlements as descendants of the Mahishpal dynasty.
Homestay and paying guest accommodation in Chitlang, located in the lap of Dada of Chandragiri, has started providing services to tourists. Chitlang is also a historical site with a long history. During the Rana period, passing through Chitlang and passing through Makwanpurgadhi was also the main route to reach Bhimfedi. The reservoir constructed in Kulekhani Palung Valley is a man-made reservoir.
Nowadays, not only domestic but also foreign tourists have started visiting the reservoir of Indra Sarovar Kulekhani Hydropower Project. Indra Sarovar, which has been supplying vital electricity to Nepal, is the largest man-made reservoir in Nepal. Kulekhani hydropower comes from this lake. Apart from the reservoirs and lakes created by nature, people have not been able to build such a large lake in Nepal till now.
Indra Sarovar, built for the hydropower project, has been developed as a scenic tourist area. It can be seen after reaching Indra Sarovar that the power project not only provides electricity but also makes the tourist and natural beauty so beautiful. Indra Sarovar Reservoir is not a reservoir made by dipping the water of a big river.
The Palung River, which flows from the Daman River in the Palung Valley, the Mahalakshmi River, which flows from Pakhel, the Tasar River, which flows from the Tistung River, and other small wells and rivers have been dammed. The name of the reservoir has been changed to Indra Sarovar as it collects water from the sky.
A 114-meter-high and 10-meter-wide rock fill dam has been constructed to collect water in the reservoir. Indra Sarovar is 7 km long and on an average 2 km wide. Any tourist who visits Indra Sarovar for the first time is amazed to see the huge lake. A huge dam built on the eastern side of the lake, submerged water on the west side, well-equipped resorts, hotels and restaurants seem to be waiting for many tourists.
Hotels and restaurants on the banks of Indra Sarovar Lake keep fish dishes. There are no inconveniences to stay and eat as there are hotels and lodges around Indra Sarovar .Areas of tourism have been developed to see the natural beauty, to enjoy the beach, to hunt in the water, to see the natural habitat and habitat of many animals in the jungle, to pay homage to man-made monuments and places of interest, to learn about history, to observe heritage of cultural significance, to make pilgrimage.
The best way to get to know life and the world is through tourism. Traveling is not just about having fun. There are many types of knowledge to learn from the trip. The state of nature, society and technology, the identification of needs and possibilities, can be taken from the visit. Therefore, the visit is also called open world school.
How to reach
Makwanpurgadhi can be reached after crossing a distance of 17 km from Buddhachowk in Hetauda via Chaughoda-Chuchchekhola. It takes 4 hours to walk from Hetauda and 45 minutes by bus. After reaching Hetauda, it is better to visit the stone statue and garden at Gumbadanda. The Martyrs’ Memorial, Kusmand Sarovar and other properties in Hetauda Bazaar are worth visiting. After two days, you can go everywhere.