Surma Sarovar And The longest Celebrated Surma Bhavani Jatra

Surma Sarovar

Surma Sarovar

Surma Sarovar Dham is one of the major dhams in Surma village of Bajhang district of Nepal which is overshadowed by lack of development and publicity. Unique Motion Youth Society has started a campaign to expose the hidden lakes. Nepal is a unique gift of natural beauty. Naturally, there are many important places in Nepal. There are many natural resources in the Himalayan region, hilly region and Terai region.

If tourism can be extended to all regions, billions of foreign currency can be easily earned by attracting millions of tourists annually. The Surma Sarovar region is also one of the most promising tourist destinations in Nepal.How many lakes there are in Nepal has not been studied yet .

However, local stakeholders have claimed that the lake, which has religious and tourist beliefs, will be protected and developed if it is linked with tourism. Among them, the lakes full of beauty in Nepal, Madhya Surma Lake also has a different identity. Without publicity, some of the potential tourist areas of Bajhang have disappeared and the rest are on the verge of disappearing.

Surma Sarovar - Notes Nepal
Surma Sarovar

The Unique Motion Youth Society, which has been making great contribution in social work with the objective of preventing its disappearance, has started a campaign to introduce Surma. “Whether it’s through a cultural event or through social media, we will recognize Surma .

Last (Kartik) month, a big Surma cultural program was organized to introduce Surma Sarovar to the tourist area. Surma Sarovar Lake is the second highest lake in Nepal. Located at an altitude of 4350 m above sea level, the lake belongs to the village of Surma in Bajhang district. This lake is located at the foot of the mountain.

The journey of Surma Bhavani, the longest celebrated in the country, has started. The procession is being held in the border areas of Darchula and Bajhang districts. Surma Bhavani Jatra is celebrated with pomp for 17 days from Onsi and seven days from Ratedi. The procession is celebrated up to the border of Surma Sarovar in Bajhang district through the Ghajir of Apihimal village municipality.

The lake, located in the middle of a high mountain range, is important from a religious, tourist and cultural point of view.

Day  1. Surma Bhavani is believed to have merged with Surma Lake when hunted by Bajhang hunters.For the same reason, the pilgrims from Khandeshwari of Api Himal in Surma Talam worship in the lake only after the pilgrims from Bajhang worship .

The Surmasarovar procession is celebrated at an altitude of 6,523 meters. For the pilgrimage, the pilgrims from the local and Ghajir communities have a tradition of eating only one spoonful of medicine and staying in the brat of Surma Bhavani. Bratalu devotees going to Surmasarovar pilgrimage are called Bire. There are two types of beers.

In which, it is customary to call those who go for the first time Balo Bire and those who go there many times as Budho Bire.  According to which, the devotees of Thekre, Bohara, Dhami and Vaire communities who have houses in the participating area are called Uvadeshi, the local devotees who have Ghajir houses are called Unadeshi, and those who live in Khandeshwari, Rokaya and Karki are called Vaideshi.

Surma Sarovar - Notes Nepal
Surma Sarovar

Devotees participating in the Surma Bhavani Jatra are prohibited from eating food like garlic, onion, lentils and meat and liquor during the Jatra. Local clubs and organizations have been mobilized to celebrate the procession. The village municipality has also assisted in the management of the procession.

Nowhere in the history of Nepal has there been such a long procession, said village chairman Manyal. He said that the village municipality has taken forward the work as per the master plan to make the procession of strategic importance of the two countries more dignified. As a special procession is being held, a master plan has been started to develop Kshatti Ghajir slum as a model slum .

First day: The journey begins on the tenth day of Aussie. This day is called Ratedi. Uvadeshi travelers gather in the field on the first day, while Unadeshi, Jattor and foreigners gather in Ghajir. At night, people gather in the mandapa of Surma Bhavani and worship all the deities. It is customary to sing Chait of Goddess Surma Bhavani after Deudhameulo.

Then the game is played. Valovire and Budhovire all have to carry Vireloro when going to Surmasarovar. This stick is found to be made differently from Budhovire and Valovire. Uwadeshi and Unadeshi should carry a 6 feet long Ningala stick and Vaideshi should carry a 4.5 feet stick.

A radish or radish of the Jatra leads the procession in a systematic manner. Its stick is 7.5 feet. This laura is called lakuri lauro or virilero.

Day 2: On the second day of the pilgrimage, on Monday, the passengers leave Ghajir for Kshetti village. You can’t wear shoes or wear an umbrella during this procession.It is worn by making broken docha (shoes). On this day, heroes and travelers play dhako (baja) and chah (local language song).

At the beginning of the procession, at the beginning of the procession, Nishan (flag) and then Dhami (Jhakri) Dhake, Pujari, Mula and Veera go. To welcome the passengers from Ghajir, people from the region also come to Bajagaja, chanting the deity’s dance song. There is a tradition of meeting them at a place called Kana Dhum-Dhum in their area.

Surma Sarovar - Notes Nepal
Surma Sarovar

Day 3: On the third day of the Surma Sarovar Jatra, the heroes walk on the journey to Surma Sarovar. Veeras are bid farewell as devotees of Bhavani in local costumes. All the pilgrims, including Bajagaja, bid farewell to the pilgrims by offering Akshata and leaves. It is customary to cover the Veeras half way, and for the Veeras, it is customary for the Veeras to be covered half way.

The heroes prepare a special meal called Laduchuuda, Sakar Gedi. On the way, they chant Surma Bhavani and sing Ucheda.This journey should proceed as directed by Mula. The journey starts from the area and passes through Annikhana, Dharamghar, Laduchadhaun, Virefatta Thadiul and both of them.

After bidding farewell to the heroes, Chait, Bhadikhel, Dhusko and Deuda of various deities are played in the field and they are entertained by playing dhako.

Day 4: This day of the pilgrimage is the most important day of the pilgrimage. In the morning, the heroes bathe in the river and walk on the journey to Surmasarovar.They reach the lake by walking with the help of hands and feet. After reaching Surmasarovar, first of all, water is offered to the Virelauros and then silver poles, gold tillo and china banas are taken to the lake.

After that, the goddess’s chait is sung and bhadikhel is played near the shore of the lake. After saying goodbye to the lake, the heroes return home and stay in the same cave again.On the other hand, after the veterans from the field worship at the lake, the pilgrims disguised as hunters from Bajhang throw their spears in the lake and return home.

Day 5: On the fifth day of the procession, the heroes get up early in the morning from Vireodar and come to a place called Virefatto where there is a race competition between the Veerovars.This race has to run up the hill. Then a variety of flowers are picked and brought to a place called Phulabhadi.

In particular, fragrant flowers called Baramkoila are picked and the garlands of Annikhana are exchanged for garlands. Then some helpers from the field and Dhake, Dhamis go to take the road between them and in the evening the heroes are brought home with a grand welcome in the field and it is customary for the heroes to put Gangamati (Bhavani’s offering) on ​​their foreheads.

Day 6: On the sixth day of the pilgrimage, all the pilgrims and pilgrims go to Ghazir.On this day, the caste reaches Ghajir. Even on this day, all the Veeras, Dhami, Pujari, Dhake and all the passengers reach Ghajir playing instruments, dancing and singing. There is also a grand welcome from Ghajir and some stay at Surma Bhavani’s mandapa after worshiping and eating from house to house. In Ghajir, they spend the night playing bhadikhel deuda and having fun.

Day 7: On this day, it is customary for the inhabitants of the Uvadeshi or Chhetti Garkha community to give the sixth of their eldest son. On this day, it is customary to invite one’s friends and have a feast. On that day, it is customary for the sixth giver to offer sacrifices in the temple of Goddess Kali. According to legend, in the past, people used to offer sacrifices to their eldest son or daughter in that temple, but now it is customary to offer sacrifices to Woka instead. It is customary to sing the sixth song on this day. This is the end of Surma Bhavani’s journey.


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