Mahabir : Who is Mahabir ? What are his Ideology??


About 2500 years ago, Vardhaman was born as the third child of father Siddhartha and mother Trishla in Kshatriya Kundalpur of Vaishali Republic (now Basadh village of Muzaffarpur district of Bihar, India). He became Mahabir Swami after Bardhaman. Mahabir Swami was the epitome of non-violence. His life was full of sacrifice and extravagance. He did not collect a single log. Born in an age when violence, animal sacrifice and caste discrimination were rampant, Mahavira taught the world the lessons of truth and non-violence.

Mahavira’s father was a follower of the 23rd Jain Tirthankar Pashrvanath (Pashrvanath was 250 years before Mahavir). It is said that when Mahavira was a child, the god Indradi took him to the Sumeru mountain to celebrate his birth. Mahavira’s childhood was spent in the palace. In his youth, he married a princess named Yashoda. She gave birth to a daughter named Priyadarshana. Mahavir’s parents died when he was 28 years old. At the request of his brother Nandivardhan, Mahavir stayed at home for two years. At the age of 30, he was initiated on the day of Margashirsha Krishna Dashami.



After receiving the initiation, Mahavira practiced asceticism, restraint and equality. He practiced the religion of Panch Mahavrat. He realized that the pleasures of sensuality can only be achieved by hurting others. So he treated everyone with love and taught the world the lesson of non-violence.

According to Mahabir, religion is the best welfare. Non-violence, restraint and penance are the only religion. Mahavira says, “Even the gods greet those who are pious, who always have religion in their minds.”

In his discourse, Lord Mahavira placed the greatest emphasis on religion, truth, non-violence, celibacy, abstinence and forgiveness. Sacrifice and restraint, compassion and love, modesty and virtue were the essence of his discourse. Lord Mahavira established the Chaturvidha Sangh and through it spread the holy message by visiting different regions.

Mahavira told the world the principle of Panchsheel. Panchasheel includes truth, non-acceptance, non-violence, non-violence and forgiveness. Mahabir Swami’s Panchsheel principle is true. Regarding the truth, Lord Mahavira Swami says- ‘O man! You understand the truth as the true element. The wise man obeys the truth. He swims over death.


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Don’t use violence against all the terrifying creatures in this world (one, two, arrow, four and five senses), don’t stop them from moving forward on their own path. Have pity on them in your heart. Protect them. This is the message of non-violence given to us by Mahavira.


Abstinence means not collecting or storing anything. In this regard, Mahavira says, “A person who collects animate or inanimate things himself, collects from others or agrees to collect from others, will never be relieved of suffering.”



Mahavira Swami says- Brahmacharya is the root of perfect penance, rules, knowledge, philosophy, character, restraint and humility. Brahmacharya is the best of the penances. Men who do not have relations with women move towards the path of salvation.


Regarding forgiveness, Mahabir says, “I want forgiveness from all living beings.” I have friendship with all living beings in the world. I have no enmity with anyone. I am steadfast in religion with a true heart. I apologize to all living beings for the entire crime. I forgive all the creatures for the crimes they have committed against me. ‘

Mahabir also says, “May all the sinful instincts that I have committed in my mind, all the sinful instincts that I have revealed through the Word, and all the sinful instincts that I have committed out of the body, fail.” Let all my sins be false.


Mahavira developed the extremes of non-violence in his lifetime. Lord Mahavira, who taught the whole world the lesson of non-violence, attained salvation at the age of seventy-two on the night of Kartik Krishna Amavasya in the city of Pavapuri. During his Nirvana, the kings of the 18 republics present celebrated Nirvana. Mahavira Swami is also called Vardhaman, Veer, Ativir and Sanmati.

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